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Richard Gobbie DMD, MDS
George Deme DMD, MDS

Types of Dysfunction

Crowding

Crowding

The misalignment of teeth due to the lack of space in the jaw.

Anterior Open Bite with Posterior Cross Bite

Anterior Open Bite with Posterior Cross Bite

The upper front teeth should cover at least 1/4 of the lower front teeth. The upper back teeth should cover the outer surface of the lower back teeth.

Deep Bite

Deep Bite

The upper front teeth should cover up to 1/3 of the lower front teeth.

Large Overjet

Large Overjet

The upper front teeth should only be 1-3 mm anterior to the lower front teeth.

Narrow Upper Jaw

Narrow Upper Jaw

The upper jaw has a narrow “V” shape appearance where as it should have a “U” shape.

Anterior Cross Bite

Anterior Cross Bite

The upper front teeth should be covering the lower front teeth by up to 30%.

Impacted Canines

Impacted Canines

The upper left canine and both lower canines are lying almost horizontally and completely covered by bone.

Congenitally Missing Teeth

Congenitally Missing Teeth

The upper lateral incisors are the most commonly occurring congenitally missing teeth.

Surgical Orthodontics

Surgical Orthodontics

Surgical advancement of the lower jaw to correct both the bite and the esthetics of the patient.

Functional Orthodontics

Functional Orthodontics

Forward repositioning of the chin by enhancing growth in the lower jaw of a growing patient with a removable functional appliance.